This is the text of my keynote speech at the 34th Chaos Communication Congress in Leipzig, December You can also watch it on YouTube, but it runs to about 45 minutes. As a working science fiction novelist, I take a professional interest in how we get predictions about the future wrong, and why, so that I can avoid repeating the same mistakes.
Nupedia Wikipedia originally developed from another encyclopedia project called Nupedia Other collaborative online encyclopedias were attempted before Wikipedia, but none were as successful. Otherwise, there were relatively few rules initially and Wikipedia operated independently of Nupedia.
Language editions were also created, with a total of by the end of In the same interview, Wales also claimed the number of editors was "stable and sustainable". The article revealed that sinceWikipedia had lost a third of the volunteer editors who update and correct the online encyclopedia and those still there have focused increasingly on minutiae.
This marked a significant increase over Januarywhen the rank was number 33, with Wikipedia receiving around Init received 8 billion pageviews every month.
There was a decline of about 2 billion between December and December Its most popular versions are leading the slide: Modifications to all articles would be published immediately.
As a result, any article could contain inaccuracies such as errors, ideological biases, and nonsensical or irrelevant text. Restrictions Due to the increasing popularity of Wikipedia, popular editions, including the English version, have introduced editing restrictions in some cases. For instance, on the English Wikipedia and some other language editions, only registered users may create a new article.
For example, the German Wikipedia maintains "stable versions" of articles,  which have passed certain reviews. Following protracted trials and community discussion, the English Wikipedia introduced the "pending changes" system in December The "History" page of each article links to each revision.
Anyone can view the latest changes to articles, and anyone may maintain a "watchlist" of articles that interest them so they can be notified of any changes. Vandalism on Wikipedia Any change or edit that manipulates content in a way that purposefully compromises the integrity of Wikipedia is considered vandalism.
The most common and obvious types of vandalism include additions of obscenities and crude humor. Vandalism can also include advertising and other types of spam.
Less common types of vandalism, such as the deliberate addition of plausible but false information to an article, can be more difficult to detect.
Vandals can introduce irrelevant formatting, modify page semantics such as the page's title or categorization, manipulate the underlying code of an article, or use images disruptively. Seigenthaler was falsely presented as a suspect in the assassination of John F. Wales replied that he did not, although the perpetrator was eventually traced.
Beyond legal matters, the editorial principles of Wikipedia are embodied in the "five pillars" and in numerous policies and guidelines intended to appropriately shape content. Even these rules are stored in wiki form, and Wikipedia editors write and revise the website's policies and guidelines.
Originally, rules on the non-English editions of Wikipedia were based on a translation of the rules for the English Wikipedia. They have since diverged to some extent. Further, Wikipedia intends to convey only knowledge that is already established and recognized.
A claim that is likely to be challenged requires a reference to a reliable source. Among Wikipedia editors, this is often phrased as "verifiability, not truth" to express the idea that the readers, not the encyclopedia, are ultimately responsible for checking the truthfulness of the articles and making their own interpretations.
This is known as neutral point of view NPOV. Administration Wikipedia's initial anarchy integrated democratic and hierarchical elements over time. They do this by experiencing flow i. Despite the name, administrators are not supposed to enjoy any special privilege in decision-making; instead, their powers are mostly limited to making edits that have project-wide effects and thus are disallowed to ordinary editors, and to implement restrictions intended to prevent certain persons from making disruptive edits such as vandalism.
Dispute resolution Wikipedians often have disputes regarding content, which may result in repeatedly making opposite changes to an article, known as edit warring. In order to determine community consensus, editors can raise issues at appropriate community forums, [notes 7] or seek outside input through third opinion requests or by initiating a more general community discussion known as a request for comment.
Arbitration Committee Main article: Arbitration Committee The Arbitration Committee presides over the ultimate dispute resolution process.This essay will delve into and explore whether professional rugby union is becoming too dangerous and why this is the case.
Was the professionalism of rugby a good idea. Sure, it’s great to watch and exciting to play but at what cost, Death.
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The essay is a typical college writing assignment. It’s used in various subjects and disciplines. Teachers and professors often consider it to be a universal assignment. This year you are going to be learning about the world.
We’ll go into the earth, under the ocean, and even out into space. Let’s start with the world and look at a map.
I bought this book more as an act of solidarity than with any great hopes, and it's a good thing. It is a true hippogriff, as Christopher Tolkien points out rather shamefacedly in the preface. NEW LISTENING TO THE STONES.
Beatrice Walditch. Listening to the Stones teaches you to 'listen' – with all your senses – to revered places. Beatrice Walditch uses the prehistoric henge and stone circles at Avebury as her main examples, but wants you to explore and 'listen' to .