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C-Coping with consequences of surgery V-Conclusion Breast cancer research paper: Contact theuniversitypapers team to do your breast cancer research papers now: The twentieth century has often been called as the cancer century.
This is because more than a hundred types of cancer have been discovered in this century, and secondly, because enormous medical efforts were made to fight all kinds of cancers all over the world. In the early decades of the century, cancer was considered to be a fatal disease, and although many cancers remain fatal, medical therapy has developed significantly over the years such that most cancers can be treated and cured.
After decades of struggling with various cancers, doctors are now becoming more aware of the causes of these diseases, how they can be treated, and what can be done to prevent them.
Breast cancer, however, remains one of the major concerns in the medical field, mainly because it has many forms and happens to strike a large number of women. When such a growth takes place, the cancer cells form a tumor from which cells will invade the neighboring tissues and organs.
Some of these cells may even travel through the blood or other means to attack other organs and tissues in the body Laino, online. Different cancers have claimed several million lives over the years. In the s, more than 4. In the past few years, nine million people developed cancers and today, there are more than 12 million people in the United States receiving cancer treatment.
More than half a million people die of cancer every year, that is, at the rate of 1, patients every day. Of all cancers, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women, although it exists in men in rare cases.
Doctors have identified several kinds of breast cancers. This is not to mention the many cases in which a tumor in the breast is nothing more than a cyst or a harmless benign lump ACS, online. Those cancers which remain inside the duct without spreading out are known as in situ cancers.
On the other hand, if the cancer cells spread out and invade other areas, they are known as invasive cancers. In inflammatory cases, the cancer cells spread very fast and invade other cells, but it can be identified very easily because it blocks the lymph vessels and the channels in the skin, turning the breast into a hard and warm surface with a clear red color ACS, online.
Breast cancers can be caused by a variety of factors. Until today, many doctors believe that breast cancer has to do with heredity. Furthermore, a gene known as p53 that is directly responsible for causing breast cancer has been found in extremely rare cases.
In the families in which this gene existed, the risk of contracting breast cancer was 16 times more than average.
However, there still seems to be some evidence relating breast cancer to genetic factors. Both the breast and the glands that produce wax in ears belong to the same family of glands. Researchers found that individuals with ear glands that produce wet wax have a double risk with respect to breast cancer in contrast to those whose ear glands produce dry wax.
Another risk related factor to breast cancer is menstruation. Doctors have discovered that risks of breast cancer are very high for women who menstruate before the age of 12 or who reach menopause after the age of fifty.
Women who do not get pregnant at all or who become pregnant after the age of thirty also face very high risks. Doctors today are becoming more convinced that diet and breast cancer could be connected in some strong relationship. Most diets that are highly related to breast cancers include chemicals in hair dyes, high alcohol consumption, birth control pills and many others.
Nevertheless, evidence in this respect has not been yet established. In fact, many of the research efforts conducted on these factors have shown contradicting results.
Detecting breast cancer is both easy and difficult. It can be easy because any previously unnoticed lump on the breast could be an indication of a breast cancer, even though it might not be so. However, a clear change in a wart or mole on the breast is usually considered a reflection of cancer growth in the breast.
All in all, the best way to detect breast cancer is to go through mammography, a process which many women go through several times during their lives Laino, online.
Mustafa Maatouk, a surgeon who is specialized in treating breast cancer and who operates frequently at the American University of Beirut, most breast cancer cases can be detected in two ways. The first is that women must regularly pay attention to any changes taking places in the warts or moles in their bodies, and secondly, regular inspection through mammography can be very helpful in detecting the disease early before it spreads into the rest of the body Maatouk, Personal Interview.
Traditionally, cancers have been treated with a variety or a combination of methods.Cancer is a general term that refers to cells that grow and multiply out of control and possibly spread to other parts of the leslutinsduphoenix.com causing mutations in BRCA1 (BReast CAncer gene 1) and BRCA2 (BReast CAncer gene 2) account for 5%% of all breast cancer cases • Hormonal factors.
later age at birth of first child.5/5(1). The breast is one of two prominences located on the upper ventral region of the torso of leslutinsduphoenix.com females, it serves as the mammary gland, which produces and secretes milk to feed infants.
Both females and males develop breasts from the same embryological tissues. At puberty, estrogens, in conjunction with growth hormone, cause breast development in female humans and to a much lesser extent.
How to start a research paper on breast cancer The first is to think about the introductory part of the research paper on breast cancer that aims to catch the eyes of the reader. Researching is important to know more about the prevalence of breast cancer, the . How To Write A Research Paper On Breast Cancer: Tips And Examples.
A research paper on a disease, especially one as widespread and invasive as cancer, can be a tough act to pull off. There will be a large amount of material to view. You will then need to narrow down the topic. Below is a free excerpt of "Breast Cancer (Outline)" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Topic: Cancer INTRODUCTION Attention Getter: More than 1/2 million people are expected to die of cancer this year. That's more than 1, a day.
An average of 1/2 of men and 1/3 of women will develop cancer/5(1). RATIONALE: Estrogen can cause the growth of breast cancer cells.
Hormone therapy using tamoxifen citrate, goserelin acetate, leuprolide acetate, anastrozole, letrozole, or exemestane, may fight breast cancer by lowering the amount of estrogen the body makes.