Complications of anorexia and bulimia

Blocked intestines from solid masses of undigested food Bacterial infections Feeling full after eating only small amounts of food Constipation, which can have several causes: Vomiting can wear down the esophagus and cause it to rupture, creating a life-threatening emergency.

Complications of anorexia and bulimia

Medical and psychological complications of eating disorders Medical problems If not stopped, starving, stuffing, and purging can lead to irreversible physical damage and even death. Eating disorders can affect every cell, tissue, and organ in the body.

The following is a partial list of the medical dangers associated with anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder. Irregular heartbeat, cardiac arrest, death Kidney damage, death Liver damage made worse by substance abusedeath Destruction of teeth, rupture of esophagus, loss of muscle mass Damage to lining of stomach; gastritis, gastric distress Disruption of menstrual cycle, infertility see below Delayed growth and permanently stunted growth due to undernutrition.

Even after recovery and weight restoration, person may not catch up to expected normal height. Weakened immune system Swollen glands in neck; stones in salivary duct. Dry, blotchy skin that has an unhealthy gray or yellow cast Anemia, malnutrition.

Some may be related to chronic constipation, commonly found in people with anorexia nervosa. Structural damage and atrophy of pelvic floor muscles can be caused by low estrogen levels, excessive exercise, and inadequate nutrition.

Surgery may be necessary to repair the damage. If binge eating disorder leads to obesity, add the following: Increased risk of cardiovascular disease Increased risk of bowel, breast, and reproductive cancers Increased risk of diabetes Arthritic damage to joints Dieting risk: Health magazine, The curse of washboard abs: Women with well-defined belly muscles may have as little as six percent fat.

The healthy range is 15 — 23 percent.

ANRED: Complications of Eating Disorders

Menses stop when fat falls below 10 percent. The resulting estrogen loss can cause osteoporosis, even in year-olds. Lew Lyon, exercise physiologist.

Reported in Newsweek; May 5, Psychological problems It is a sad paradox that the person who develops an eating disorder often begins with a diet, believing that weight loss will lead to improved self-confidence, self-respect, and self-esteem.

The cruel reality is that persistent undereating, binge eating, and purging have the opposite effect. Eating disordered individuals typically struggle with one or more of the following complications: Depression that can lead to suicide Person feels out of control and helpless to do anything about problems.

Thinks other people are watching and waiting to confront or interfere. Fear of discovery Compulsive behaviors. Rituals dictate most activities Feelings of alienation and loneliness. Cannot figure out how to make things better.

May give up and sink into despair, fatalism, or suicidal depression. Related problems Eating disorders bring pain and suffering not only to the people who have them but also to their families, friends, and romantic partners. Coworkers and even casual acquaintances can be affected too. These problems include the following: Disruption of family — blame, fights over foodweight, treatment, etc.

Family members struggle with guilt, worry, anxiety, and frustration. Nothing they do seems to make things better. Friendships and romantic relationships are damaged or destroyed If person binges and purges while driving, auto accidents may be the result of distraction If person is a student or athlete, teachers, coaches, and trainers may experience the same worry and frustration that plagues family members.

Complications of anorexia and bulimia

A note about exercise-induced disruption of menstrual periods and infertility Women with reproductive problems related to excessive exercise may be able to correct those problems by eating more calories.

A study at University of Pittsburgh looked at whether amenorrhea and infertility are caused by exercise stress or expenditure of high levels of energy. Judy Cameron, one of the researchers. When the study created exercise conditions for monkeys that approximated human marathon training, the animals experienced reproductive impairments.

Bulimia Nervosa: Symptoms & Signs of This Eating Disorder

When they were given more to eat, those impairments disappeared. It is logical to think the results in humans would be the same.Medical complications of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Much of the literature continues to delineate the fact that diabetic patients with eating disorders are at high risk of developing diabetic complications.

Gastrointestinal complications can be serious, including gastric dilatation and severe liver dysfunction. Apr 05,  · Inherent to anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are a plethora of medical complications which correlate with the severity of weight loss or the frequency and mode of purging.

Yet, the encouraging fact is that most of these medical complications are treatable and reversible with definitive care and cessation of the eating-disordered behaviours.

Several physical complications are associated with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Many of these problems are caused by behavior aimed at controlling body weight in an unhealthy manner, and most of these problems resolve once eating habits, and weight has returned to normal.

Eating disorders can affect every cell, tissue, and organ in the body. The following is a partial list of the medical dangers associated with anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder.

Home. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are serious psychiatric illnesses related to disordered eating and distorted body images. They both have significant medical complications associated with the weight loss and malnutrition of anorexia nervosa, as well as from the .

If not stopped, starving, stuffing, and purging can lead to irreversible physical damage and even death. Eating disorders can affect every cell, tissue, and organ in the body.

The following is a partial list of the medical dangers associated with anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder.

Bulimia nervosa - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic