Below are standard formats and examples for basic bibliographic information recommended by the Modern Language Association MLA.
You can find out more about how to use parenthetical references.
For the months May, June, and July, spell out the months. For all other months with five or more letters, use abbreviations: Note that there is no period after the month. For instance, the period after Jan. If no months are stated, use Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter, etc. These are not publication dates.
Always use square brackets [ ] to indicate information that is not given but is supplied by you. Example of a work in an anthology page numbers are for the entire essay or piece of work: Fish, Barry, and Les Kotzer.
Beating One of the Two Certainties in Life. The Meditations of Linus. Footnote or Endnote example 1 Charles M. Schulz, The Meditations of Linus N. Where page numbers may be counted or guessed accurately, count the pages and indicate the page number or numbers. Above article starts on pagecontinues on pages andadvertisement appears on pagearticle continues on pageand ends on page Normally, do not use Roman numerals for page numbers from the main part of the book where Arabic numbers are used.
Also, do not use Roman numerals for encyclopedia volume numbers if Arabic numbers are given. If there is an author, cite the author. If no author is stated, begin the citation with the title of the article.
Underline the title of the encyclopedia and provide the year of edition, e. Do not confuse a subheading in a long article with the title of the article, i. Where the encyclopedia cited is not a well-known or familiar work, in addition to the author, title of article, and title of the encyclopedia, you must also indicate the editor, edition if available, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher, and year of publication, e.
Indent 5 spaces or half an inch for the second and subsequent lines of citation. Some citations are short and may fit all on one line. Nothing is wrong with that. Do not type author on one line, title on a second line, and publication information on a third line.
Type all citation information continuously until you reach the end of the line. Indent the second line and continue with the citation. If the citation is very long, indent the third and subsequent lines. Standard Format for a Book: Publisher, Year of Publication.
If a book has no author or editor stated, begin with the title. If the city or town is not commonly known, add the abbreviation for the State or Province. If you are citing two or more books by the same author or editor, list the name of the author or editor in the first entry only, and use three hyphens to indicate that the following entry or entries have the same name.
Do not use the three hyphens if a book is by two or more authors or is edited by two or more individuals. From a Buick 8: High Court to Hear Missouri Case. For other citation examples, see How to Write a Bibliography.
It is generally not necessary to indicate volume and issue numbers for newspapers and magazines as the publication dates and pages make the articles easy to find. For scholarly journals, such as those published quarterly, semi-annually, or annually, it is advisable to indicate both volume and issue numbers when available.
For a detailed discussion on citing articles and other publications in periodicals, please see Chapter 5. The bibliography is paramount when determining the overall quality and authenticity of a thesis. It also justifies the research conducted by the author.
It is important to make use of current sources and to clearly understand how to cite each reference used.How to Survive the Internet Unscathed; Links; Dewey Decimal; Home Page \ Writing \ Chapter Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography in MLA Style; Chapter Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography in MLA Style For other citation examples, see How to Write a Bibliography.
Note: It is generally not necessary to indicate volume . How to Write a Source Card for an Internet Source Kat Walcott A source card is an index card with a citation on it to a source, such as a newspaper article, book or website. Start writing your bibliography.
The format for each entry on the bibliography for Internet sources starts with the name of the author of the article. This name of the author is written with the last name first, a comma followed by the first name. After this information, place a period. Feb 13, · Edit Article How to Write a Bibliography.
In this Article: Article Summary Sample Bibliographies Writing an APA Bibliography Writing a MLA Bibliography Writing a CMS Bibliography Community Q&A When you write a paper or a book, it's important to include a bibliography.
A bibliography tells your reader what sources you've used%(27). How to Write a Bibliography for Internet Sources Click here to run a free scan for system related errors Level of difficulty: Easy There are different formats that you have to follow in citing references for a bibliography on a term paper or an article.
Knowing how to enter Internet sources on a bibliography is important. Style guidelines serve as another important element to shaping your bibliography. In North America, along with countries like China and Japan, bibliographies tend to be formatted in MLA style.