Apple Computer introduced the first graphical interface with the Macintosh; Microsoft followed with the first version of Windows in
First, there has been a major trend away from custom-designed programs developed by the professional programmers of an organization. Instead, the trends is toward the use of off-the-shelf software packages acquired by end users from software vendors. This trend dramatically in creased with the development of relatively inexpensive and easy-to-use application software packages and multipurpose software suites for microcomputers.
Second, there has been a steady Microcomputer application in bussines away from 1 technical, machine-specific programming language using binary-based or symbolic codes, or 2 procedural languages, which use brief statements and mathematical expressions to specify the sequence of instructions a computer must perform.
Instead, the trend is toward the use of a visual graphic interface for object-oriented programming, or toward non procedure natural languages for programming that are closer to human conversation. This trend accelerated with the creation of easy-to-use, non procedural forth-generation languages 4GLs.
It continues to grow as developments in object technology, graphics, and artificial intelligence produce natural language and graphical user interfaces that make both programming tools and software packages easier to use.
In addition, artificial intelligence features are now being built into a new generation of expert-assisted software packages.
For example, many software suites provide intelligent help features called wizards that help you perform common software functions like graphing parts of a spreadsheet or generating reports from a database, Other software packages use capabilities called intelligent agents to perform activities based on instructions from a user.
For example, some electronic mail packages can use an intelligent agent capability to organize, send, and screen E-mail messages fro your.
These major trends seem to be converging to produce a fifth generation of powerful, multipurpose, expert-assisted, and network enabled software package with natural language and graphical interfaces to support the productivity and collaboration of both end users IS professionals.
Application Software for End Users Application software includes a variety of programs that can be subdivided into general-purpose and application-specific categories. Thousands of application-specific software package are available to support specific applications of end users in business and other fields.
For example, application-specific packages in business support managerial, professional, and business uses such as transaction processing, decision support, accounting, sales management, investment analysis, and electronic commerce.
Application-specific software for science and engineering plays a major role in the research and development programs of industry and the design of efficient production processes for high-quality product. General-purpose application programs are programs that perform common information processing jobs for end users.
For example, word processing programs, spreadsheet programs, database management programs, and graphics programs are popular with microcomputer users for home, education, business, scientific, and many other purposes. Because they significantly increase the productivity of end users, they are sometimes known as productivity packages.
Other examples include Web browsers, electronic mail, and groupware, which help support communication and collaboration among workgroups and teams. Examining their components gives us an overview of the important software tools that you can use to increase your productivity, collaborate with your colleagues, and access intranets, extranets, and the Internet.
Compares the component programs that make up the tope three software suites. Notice that each suite integrates software packages for Web browsing, word processing, spreadsheets, presentation graphics, database management, personal in formation management, and more.
These packages can be purchased as separate stand-alone products. However, a software suite costs a lot less than the total cost of buying its individual package separately. Another advantage of software suites is that all programs use a similar graphical user interface GUI of icons, tool and status bars, menus, and so on, which gives them the same look and feel, and makes them easier to learn and use.
These capabilities make them more efficient and easier to use than using a variety of individual package versions. Of course, putting so many programs and features together in one super-size package does have some disadvantages.
Industry critics argue that many software suite features are never used by most end users.
The suites take up a lot of disk space, from over megabytes to over megabytes, depending on which version or functions you install. So such software is sometimes derisively called bloatware by its critics.Computers and Computer Systems A computer is a programmable device that can automatically perform a sequence of calculations or other operations on data once programmed for the task.
SUBJECT: MICROCOMPUTER APPLICATION IN BUSSINES LECTURER NAME: leslutinsduphoenix.com CONTENT PAGES E-learning, web-based training and software packages 3 Marketing 3 Inventory Management 3.
Classes in Microcomputer Applications include the following: MIC INTRODUCTION TO INTEGRATED SOFTWARE ( Lecture/Lab Hrs./Wk.) 3 Credits Students learn to use an integrated software package that includes word-processing, database, spreadsheet, graphics, and communications operations.
Do Business with the State: These resources facilitate standardizing, procuring, or supervising the procurement of all goods, services, and major repairs required by state agencies. 3 Guidelines for Student Success: As a member of this course, students must be self-motivated to complete the work when due and have the capabilities to submit all assignments to the instructor via SAM To develop skill in the application of features and functions of database analytical tools in deriving solutions to a variety of typical business problems and situations.
Review the basic features and functions of database applications.