The media is used by children as an agent of socialisation on their knowledge. In these times, it create for the child and adolescent spectators an immediate experience of a virtual reality that become at once central to the fantasy lives of young peoples.
TelephonefaxWeb sites www. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The influence of the media on the psychosocial development of children is profound. TELEVISION Television has the potential to generate both positive and negative effects, and many studies have looked at the impact of television on society, particularly on children and adolescents 12.
Not all television programs are bad, but data showing the negative effects of exposure to violence, inappropriate sexuality and offensive language are convincing 3. Still, physicians need to advocate continued research into the negative and positive effects of media on children and adolescents.
Current literature suggests the following: Canadian children watch excessive amounts of television 56. There is a relationship between watching violent television programming and an increase in violent behaviour by children 27. Excessive television watching contributes to the increased incidence of childhood obesity 89.
Excessive television watching may have a deleterious effect on learning and academic performance Watching certain programs may encourage irresponsible sexual behaviour Television is an effective way of advertising products to children of various ages The average Canadian child watches nearly 14 h of television each week Studies show how time spent watching television varies between different age groups and cultures 1 This is especially relevant when studying the effects of excessive television exposure on disadvantaged populations.
The amount of time that younger North American children currently spend watching television has not decreased significantly A substantial number of children begin watching television at an earlier age and in greater amounts than what experts recommend As a result, with prolonged viewing, the world shown on television becomes the real world 12.
Learning Television can be a powerful teacher Watching Sesame Street is an example of how toddlers can learn valuable lessons about racial harmony, cooperation, kindness, simple arithmetic and the alphabet through an educational television format.
Some public television programs stimulate visits to the zoo, libraries, bookstores, museums and other active recreational settings, and educational videos can certainly serve as powerful prosocial teaching devices. The educational value of Sesame Street, has been shown to improve the reading and learning skills of its viewers In some disadvantaged settings, healthy television habits may actually be a beneficial teaching tool Still, watching television takes time away from reading and schoolwork.
More recent and well-controlled studies show that even 1 h to 2 h of daily unsupervised television viewing by school-aged children has a significant deleterious effect on academic performance, especially reading 10 Violence The amount of violence on television is on the rise The average child sees 12, violent acts on television annually, including many depictions of murder and rape.
More than studies confirm that exposure to heavy doses of television violence increases aggressive behaviour, particularly in boys 221 — Other studies link television or newspaper publicity of suicides to an increased suicide risk 24 — The following groups of children may be more vulnerable to violence on television: Nutrition Because television takes time away from play and exercise activities, children who watch a lot of television are less physically fit and more likely to eat high fat and high energy snack foods 9.
Television viewing makes a substantial contribution to obesity because prime time commercials promote unhealthy dietary practices 15 The fat content of advertised products exceeds the current average Canadian diet and nutritional recommendations, and most food advertising is for high calorie foods such as fast foods, candy and presweetened cereals 14 The number of hours of television viewing also corresponds with an increased relative risk of higher cholesterol levels in children 8.
Television can also contribute to eating disorders in teenage girls, who may emulate the thin role models seen on television 8.Violence in the Media Psychologists Study Potential Harmful Effects Early research on the effects of viewing violence on television — especially among children — found a desensitizing effect and the potential for aggression.
Unraveling new media's effects on children. Responding to a barrage of questions from the public, researchers are just starting to discover how electronic technologies influence child development.
The portrayal of violence, sex, and drugs/alcohol in the media has been known to adversely affect the behavior of children and adolescents. There is a strong association between perceptions of media messages and observed behavior, especially with children.
Very interesting points about how media cuts into many issues such as obesity, eating disorders, attention disorders, violence, sex, and drug use and how Medical Professionals need to deeply consider how much media has an influence on the development of these.
With recent worry about mass shootings and gun violence in the United States, one of the questions that always comes up is whether violent media promotes violent or aggressive behavior. Exposure to violence in media, including television, movies, music, and video games, represents a significant risk to the health of children and adolescents.
Extensive research evidence indicates that media violence can contribute to aggressive behavior, desensitization to violence, nightmares, and fear of .